Organization: ActionAid India, Lucknow Regional Office
Location: Uttar Pradesh, India
Representation of the Interests of the Poor and Historically Marginalized Groups in Rural Decentralized Institutions of Government: A Case Study of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) in Uttar Pradesh, India
India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) of 2005 aims to provide livelihood security to the rural poor. The Act guarantees the right to wage employment to adults in the form of 100 days per year, per household, of unskilled, manual work on local development projects. The chief implementing agency for the MGNREGA is India’s Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI), the institution of decentralized government in rural areas. This small-scale, qualitative study has explored the implementation of this Act, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), in two districts of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The implementation of the MGNREGA by the PRI is a window through which one can study rural, decentralized government and its potential and limitations to improve the lives of the poor and historically marginalized groups both financially and politically.